The Upper Harz dialect is a dialect that is too often associated with other origins. There is talk of an "Erzgebirge dialect", the Lower Saxony Ministry of Culture in 2018 even speaks in writing of an exclusively "Silesian dialect" and one should turn to the Institute for Low German language for further questions. That would be just as nonsensical, as if the day turned to the night to learn something about brightness. The same opinions about 1937 even spoke of "mountain towns behind the moon", which had succumbed to inbreeding. Other chroniclers called the Upper Harz women as cheeky, dirty, the children dressed as scant or women with stamp-thick legs, carrying camel-like heavy loads. Men are restless, would demonstrate too much, would be rebellious.
These statements alone are simply wrong, then in terms of dialect but also initially correct again, but up to the lonely opinion of 1937. The chroniclers, who are not from the Upper Harz, give in their notes only a snapshot of their Upper Harz findings. To form a generally valid statement is simply wrong. It's just like thinking about something, but unfortunately not thinking through it all, checking it out, and forming an opinion on what you're thinking.
On the other hand, I speak of a dialect that has been formed over several centuries from at least ten different immigrant dialects exclusively in the Upper Harz, and that there exists a language island in the surrounding Low German Sea.
Incomprehensibly, various levels in the state of Lower Saxony are still the mistaken view that the Upper Harz dialect is a derivative (descendant) of the Saxon or Silesian dialect. In the respective federal states of Saxony, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt and in Silesia, however, it is believed that the relevant Central German dialects come from the Upper Harz. It refers to the founding times and people of the eastern mining towns. In addition, a sound, word and writing comparison consistently shows that people speak in East Franconia as well. Looking now at the colonization history of the villages of Upper Silesia, the Upper Ore Mountains it becomes clear in a puzzle that our Upper Harz dialect should have its initial origin in East Franconia. Strangely enough, one stands with this opinion still everywhere on war foot, also after references to existing evidence.
Today one renounces a deeper thinking and it claimed members of the Institute for Low German in Bremen (INS) in all seriousness, the Upper Harz dialect was a derivative of the High German, which in turn should be just as wrong as nonsensical, because the Upper Harz dialect existed rather than the initially artificial, high German literary language of the bible of Martin Luther.
According to cognition, the sole reason for the recurrent opinion is that under the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages â€‹â€‹of the EU Council of Europe, the state of Lower Saxony distributes a not inconsiderable amount of funding like a cornucopia in other directions than the Upper Harz.
The fact is, however, that the people who speak and understand the Upper Harz dialect, can not be compared with peat knifes, coastal fishermen or farmers, whose profits the Welfish princes and kings could hardly have built their magnificent buildings Europe-wide. Oberharzer delivered 100% of the welfish silver tons, first to Brunswick, in between times to France, later to Hanover, then to Prussian and other Berlin, sometimes to private, sometimes to state companies. For the many quarrels and wars the Oberharzer huts supplied lead, cast iron, copper and zinc, always connected with the latest research results of the Bergakademie, today the TU. The beneficiary is always the sovereign. Upper Harz Mining Scientist Clergymen, teachers, physicians and company founders all over the world.
It is no different with the inventions and discoveries of the people of Upper Harz for the benefit and progress of evolution of humanity, which were, however, traded worldwide by the sovereign for their own good.
The Upper Harz dialect in Lower Saxony
" “Mähßingsch" is the mouth-like pronunciation of "Meißnerisch", apparently first in the mining town of Oberharzer miners founded "Meissen" in Saxony.
The Upper Harz dialect is a Middle German, Upper Saxon and North-West Bohemian dialect with Frankish roots, which took its beginning in the 10th century in the Upper Harz with the dialects of the Saxons, the Bohemians and Eastern Franks in the Upper Harz mines. It is not a written language. From the 16th century, it complemented by immigrant languages and dialects, for example: little French, Low German, High German, Thuringian, Saxon, Bohemian, little English, little Alemannic, little Tyrolean, much common East Franconian. Miners from the Erzgebirge migrated because of the extensive social mining rights back to the Upper Harz, which they once left for the Erzgebirge.
Our dialect is unique in the world and highly integrated. People came from all over Europe, worked together, lived together in the barren Upper Harz, without tensions, without hostilities, but with a great sense of cohesion, which culminated in unrestrained demonstrations against the administration. Women liberated prisoners from the hands of the gendarmerie ("Harzweibertumulte"), who were called to the rescue. Oberharzer plundered the houses of merchants and civil servants because they demanded outrageous prices. The ruler reacted with draconian punishments, wage cuts and banishment. Only the Protestant church was able to provide peacefully and continually by pastors and teachers at public schools for their welfare. There are several examples of regressive events in the mining towns, which were also bloody and even called soldiers to the scene. The Protestant pastor of the mountain town of Clausthal had to flee at night and fog because of acute death threats, because he preached against the "German Revolution of 1848", of course, on the instructions of the sovereign.
The dialects of the adjacent mountain towns of St. Andreasberg, Bad Grund or Altenau still contain linguistic influences of the North-Thuringian and Low German dialect. Even the coaching village Buntenbock, today a district of the mountain and university town of Clausthal-Zellerfeld, has strong Low German influences, which is illustrated in the Buntenbocker "Köhlerlied":
hats is the first of May; Koehler dates dat Hai. Boy get the waterpott; un kok inst ne Waterzopp; Boy had poisoned salt; you can do the same with Waterzopp ".
what translates into the Upper Harz dialect, Clausthal variant, means:
"Yesterday it was May, Dr Kehler pulls off his shark, boy, stop the potion, cook us aways water soup, forget the boy's salsa, cook the soup salver assn".
or in High German:
"Today is the first of May, the charcoal burner pulls on his shark, boy get the water pot and cook us a water soup, young have forgotten the salt, you can eat the soup yourself."
The Upper Harz dialect also changed more and more over the years. She is like the High German. The mix of dialect and High German is commonly called "Mähßingsch".
Just a little history
The Upper Harz dialect, as well as the Vogtland and the Upper Saxon-West Erzgebirge, is linguistically in the East Franconian language family. Particularly striking are the many affinities in sound, writing and meaning in the areas mentioned. What is "battle" (bad) in Franconia, it is also in tone, meaning and writing in the Upper Harz and what is "racht" (right) there, it is also in the Erzgebirge and in East Franconia, in the Bavarian Rhön one is "drhemm" (home) The "Moh" (man) in Franconia is also in the Erzgebirge and here, as well as his "Frah" (woman), slightly modified in "Froo" in Silesia ..
The Upper Harz, the Erzgebirge and mountain Silesia were once populated by Frankish people, including miners, for centuries.
The reference to an old railway station west of Clausthal-Zellerfeld with "Frankenscharrnhütte" to Franconian ironworkers is questioned by some experts without justification, even though the extension of the station in the 20th century evidence of a hut activity were found. No one doubts the Frankish evidence in Goslar with Frankenberg Abbey, Frankenstraße and the legend that the chain road contained a huge chain that was supposed to separate the Saxons and Franks. It was only in the 16th century that numerous Erzgebirge hikers returned to the former Upper Harz abandoned by them. The reason was the extremely social mining rights and mountain ordinances of the Brunswick sovereign, which even included a physical and mental fitness of the mountain captains, his representative on the spot, apart from the fact that only physically healthy nobles could become mountain captain. It was not about intelligence but only about descent. To determine this was the sole right of the sovereign.
This period of the 16th century is generally accepted by experts as the start of the Upper Harz dialect, although at that time already a dialectic pool of Bohemian, Saxon, East Franconian, Low German and High German existed in the Upper Harz. A blatant misnomer for our dialect is: "Oberharzer Platt". The original term "flat" refers exclusively to the coastal and moors species.
After hundreds of years, the Upper Harz mining towns are sometimes still spineless. This finds expression in the fact that Zellerfelder call the Clausthalers "tail tufts", in reference to the reparations payments of the Protestant Clausthal during the Thirty Years' War to the Catholic side. The fact that this historically proven word means the exact opposite is simply ignored. This "enmity" is likely to be due to the old 3-division of the Upper Harz. Each ruler from the "subordinate Guelph hierarchy" of the Upper Harz tried with ever newer mining rights to recruit workers only for themselves to outdo the competitors .. In addition, the mountain town of Clausthal was treated as the center of the Upper Harz to the modern era, since here the Oberbergamt , the mining academy, the mountain and metallurgical school, the superordinate mining administration, the high-quality medicine, the justice, the central evangelical church with the largest wooden church of the German country and the high-quality school education were settled. Not all bloody demonstrations were based on Clausthal.
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